Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James Cook took possession in the name of Great Britain. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th Centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantages of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries. Australia has an enviable, strong economy with a per capita GDP on par with the four dominant West European economies. Australia's emphasis on reforms, low inflation, a housing market boom and growing ties with China have key factors behind the economy's expansion.

The States and Territories

Queensland: With region such as the Gold Coast and Whitsundays, it's little wonder that Queensland brings to mind lazy days on sunny beaches. It's true, the perfect climate and seaside towns show relaxed Australian culture at its best. New South Wales: Welcome to New South Wales. Australia's lodest state is packed full of amazing attractions, places of spectacular natural beauty, unique history and a bunch of fun activities for all to enjoy. Australian Capital Territories: Welcome to nations's capital. It's full name is a bit of a mouthfull so tha state is known simply as the ACT. Victoria: For a small state, Victoria has some of the best sightseeing and most fascinating places in the country. From the heady Gold Rush days to the dramatic scenery, there are surprises around every bend. Tasmania: Tucked away at the far south of the country and across the untamed waters of Bass Strait, lies Tasmania, a place rich with heritage and spectacular natural history. South Australia: Wine connoisseurs won't be disappointed, with region such as the Barossa, Clare Valley and The Limestone Coast, South Australia's large selection of acclaimed wineries will satisfy your every tastebud. Western Australia: WA has a rugged and beautiful outback and a history tied to the ocean. From the vast open plains of the Nullarbor to the colourful marine wonderland of Ningaloo Reef, WA provides the best of both worlds. Northern Territory: A land of contrasts, the Northern Territory is rich with striking scenery. From lush rainforest of Kakadu and Katherine to the arid red plains of the Red Centre in Alice Springs and the great rock, Uluru, the land is full of suprises.

Education System

The result of the last two years of high school are important ones, as they are the ones to be evaluated for entry levels in colleges or universities. The intsitutes are divided into: School, Technical Institutes, Colleges and Universities. The institutions are either private or public.